Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (Arabic: عبدالله بن عبدالعزيز آل سعود ʿAbd Allāh ibn ʿAbd al ʿAzīz Āl Saʿūd, Najdi Arabic pronunciation: [ʢæbˈdɑɫ.ɫɐ ben ˈʢæbdæl ʢæˈziːz ʔæːl sæˈʢuːd]; 1 August 1924 – 23 January 2015) was a Saudi Arabian politician and military commander who ruled as King of Saudi Arabia from 1 August 2005 until his death in 2015.
Abdullah box Abdulaziz Al Saud (Arabic: عبدالله بن عبدالعزيز آل سعود ʿAbd Allāh ibn ʿAbd al ʿAzīz Āl Saʿūd, Najdi Arabic pronunciation: [ʢæbˈdɑɫ.ɫɐ ben ˈʢæbdæl ʢæˈziːz ʔæːl sæˈʢuːd]; 1 August 1924 – 23 January 2015) was a Saudi Arabian politician and military commander who ruled as King of Saudi Arabia from 1 August 2005 until his death in 2015.
Abdullah was one of the many sons of King Abdulaziz, the founder of campaigner Saudi Arabia. His mom was Fahda bint Asi Al Shuraim of the Al Rashid dynasty, historical rivals of the Al Saud dynasty. Abdullah held important political posts throughout most of his adult life. In 1961 he became mayor of Mecca, his first public office. The taking into consideration year, he was appointed commander of the Saudi Arabian National Guard, a make known he was still holding bearing in mind he became king. He as a consequence served as deputy defense minister and was named crown prince past his half-brother Fahd took the throne in 1982. After King Fahd suffered a serious accomplishment in 1995, Abdullah became the de facto ruler of Saudi Arabia until ascending the throne a decade later.
During his reign Abdullah maintained near relations following the United States and the United Kingdom and bought billions of dollars worth of excuse equipment from both states. He furthermore gave women the right to vote for municipal councils and to compete in the Olympics. Abdullah maintained the status quo in the same way as there were waves of to-do in the kingdom during the Arab Spring. According to a 2013 BBC report, Saudi Arabia could attain nuclear weapons at will from Pakistan during Abdullah’s reign due to the close relations in the midst of the two countries. The King had a longstanding connection with Pakistan, and brokered a compromise amid ousted Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and General Pervez Musharraf, whom he had requested to be exiled to Saudi Arabia for a 10-year exile, following his ouster in the 1999 Pakistani coup d’état.
The three crown princes during Abdullah’s reign were along with the full brothers of King Fahd. Upon becoming king in 2005, Abdullah appointed his half-brother Sultan bin Abdulaziz as crown prince. When Sultan died in 2011, his brother Nayef was named receiver to the throne, but Nayef himself died the bordering year. Abdullah subsequently named Salman box Abdulaziz as crown prince. According to various reports, the King married going on to 30 era and had exceeding 35 children. He was among the wealthiest royals in the world. Upon his death in 2015 at age 90, Abdullah was succeeded by his half-brother Salman.