Abraham Harold Maslow (; April 1, 1908 – June 8, 1970) was an American psychologist who was best known for creating Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, a theory of psychological health predicated on fulfilling innate human needs in priority, culminating in self-actualization. Maslow was a psychology professor at Brandeis University, Brooklyn College, New School for Social Research, and Columbia University. He stressed the importance of focusing on the positive qualities in people, as opposed to treating them as a “bag of symptoms”. A Review of General Psychology survey, published in 2002, ranked Maslow as the tenth most cited psychologist of the 20th century.
Abraham Harold Maslow (; April 1, 1908 – June 8, 1970) was an American psychologist who was best known for creating Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, a theory of psychological health predicated upon fulfilling mammal human needs in priority, culminating in self-actualization. Maslow was a psychology professor at Brandeis University, Brooklyn College, New School for Social Research, and Columbia University. He troubled the importance of focusing upon the clear qualities in people, as in opposition to treating them as a “bag of symptoms”. A Review of General Psychology survey, published in 2002, ranked Maslow as the tenth most cited psychologist of the 20th century.
Born in 1908 and raised in Brooklyn, New York, Maslow was the oldest of seven children. His parents were first-generation Jewish immigrants from Kiev, then ration of the Russian Empire (now Kyiv, Ukraine), who fled from Czarist persecution in the in advance 20th century. They had established to rouse in New York City and in a multiethnic, working-class neighborhood. His parents were poor and not intellectually focused, but they valued education. He had various encounters taking into account anti-Semitic gangs who would chase and throw rocks at him. Maslow and other young people in imitation of his background were struggling to overcome such acts of racism and ethnic prejudice in the attempt to establish an idealistic world based on widespread education and economic justice. The stir outside his home was along with felt within it, as he rarely got along subsequent to his mother, and eventually developed a strong revulsion towards her. He is quoted as saying, “What I had reacted to was not single-handedly her monster appearance, but next her values and world view, her stinginess, her sum selfishness, her nonappearance of adore for anyone else in the world – even her own husband and children – her narcissism, her Negro prejudice, her harm of everyone, her assumption that anyone was muddled who disagreed following her, her deficiency of friends, her sloppiness and dirtiness…”. He also grew occurring with few contacts other than his cousin Will, and as a result “…[He] grew happening in libraries and among books.” It was here that he developed his love for reading and learning. He went to Boys High School, one of the summit high schools in Brooklyn. Here, he served as the supervisor to many academic clubs, and became editor of the Latin Magazine. He then edited Principia, the school’s Physics paper, for a year. He developed further strengths as well:
Maslow attended the City College of New York after tall school. In 1926 he began taking legitimate studies classes at night in addition to his undergraduate course load. He hated it and roughly immediately dropped out. In 1927 he transferred to Cornell, but he left after just one semester due to poor grades and high costs. He complex graduated from City College and went to graduate college at the University of Wisconsin to psychotherapy psychology. In 1928, he married his first cousin Bertha, who was still in tall school at the time. The pair had met in Brooklyn years earlier. Maslow’s psychology training at UW was decidedly experimental-behaviorist. At Wisconsin he pursued a extraction of research which included investigating primate dominance tricks and sexuality. Maslow’s further on experience taking into consideration behaviorism would depart him subsequently a strong positivist mindset. Upon the recommendation of Professor Hulsey Cason, Maslow wrote his master’s thesis on “learning, retention, and reproduction of verbal material”. Maslow regarded the research as embarrassingly trivial, but he completed his thesis the summer of 1931 and was awarded his master’s degree in psychology. He was so embarrassed of the thesis that he removed it from the psychology library and tore out its catalog listing. However, Professor Cason admired the research ample to urge Maslow to consent it for publication. Maslow’s thesis was published as two articles in 1934.
He continued his research at Columbia University on similar themes. There he found substitute mentor in Alfred Adler, one of Sigmund Freud’s ahead of time colleagues. From 1937 to 1951, Maslow was upon the capability of Brooklyn College. His relatives life and his experiences influenced his psychological ideas. After World War II, Maslow began to Ask the pretentiousness psychologists had attain their conclusions, and although he did not no question disagree, he had his own ideas upon how to understand the human mind. He called his extra discipline humanistic psychology. Maslow was already a 33-year-old father and had two children when the United States entered World War II in 1941. He was in view of that ineligible for the military. However, the horrors of prosecution inspired a vision of peace in him leading to his groundbreaking psychological studies of self-actualizing. The studies began under the running of two mentors, anthropologist Ruth Benedict and Gestalt psychologist Max Wertheimer, whom he admired both professionally and personally. They skillful a lot in both realms. Being such “wonderful human beings” as well, they inspired Maslow to accept notes about them and their behavior. This would be the basis of his lifelong research and thinking practically mental health and human potential. He outstretched the subject, borrowing ideas from supplementary psychologists and adding extra ones, such as the concepts of a hierarchy of needs, metaneeds, metamotivation, self-actualizing persons, and peak experiences. Maslow was a professor at Brandeis University from 1951 to 1969. He became a resident fellow of the Laughlin Institute in California. In 1967, Maslow had a omnipotent heart belligerence and knew his epoch was limited. He considered himself to be a psychological pioneer. He gave highly developed psychologists a shove by bringing to lighthearted different paths to ponder. He built the framework that superior allowed extra psychologists to conduct more mass studies. Maslow believed that leadership should be non-intervening. Consistent as soon as this approach, he rejected a nomination in 1963 to be the president of the Association for Humanistic Psychology because he felt that the dealing out should develop an smart movement without a leader.
While jogging, Maslow suffered a harsh heart raid and died on June 8, 1970, at the age of 62 in Menlo Park, California. He is buried at Mount Auburn Cemetery.