Acne, also known as acne vulgaris, is a long-term skin condition that occurs when dead skin cells and oil from the skin clog hair follicles. Typical features of the condition include blackheads or whiteheads, pimples, oily skin, and possible scarring. It primarily affects skin with a relatively high number of oil glands, including the face, upper part of the chest, and back. The resulting appearance can lead to anxiety, reduced self-esteem, and, in extreme cases, depression or thoughts of suicide.
Acne, also known as acne vulgaris, is a long-term skin condition that occurs as soon as dead skin cells and oil from the skin clog hair follicles. Typical features of the condition intensify blackheads or whiteheads, pimples, oily skin, and attainable scarring. It primarily affects skin behind a relatively high number of oil glands, including the face, upper portion of the chest, and back. The resulting atmosphere can help to anxiety, reduced self-esteem, and, in extreme cases, depression or thoughts of suicide.
Susceptibility to acne is primarily genetic in 80% of cases. The role of diet and cigarette smoking in the condition is unclear, and neither cleanliness nor exposure to air to sunlight appears to comport yourself a part. In both sexes, hormones called androgens appear to be allocation of the underlying mechanism, by causing increased production of sebum. Another common factor is the excessive enlargement of the bacterium Cutibacterium acnes, which is present on the skin.
Treatments for acne are available, including lifestyle changes, medications, and medical procedures. Eating fewer easy carbohydrates such as sugar may minimize the condition. Treatments applied directly to the affected skin, such as azelaic acid, benzoyl peroxide, and salicylic acid, are commonly used. Antibiotics and retinoids are within reach in formulations that are applied to the skin and taken by mouth for the treatment of acne. However, resistance to antibiotics may fabricate as a repercussion of antibiotic therapy. Several types of birth govern pills encourage against acne in women. Medical professionals typically reserve isotretinoin pills for harsh acne, due to greater potential side effects. Early and gruff treatment of acne is advocated by some in the medical community to fall the overall long-term impact on individuals.
In 2015, acne affected approximately 633 million people globally, making it the eighth-most common complaint worldwide. Acne commonly occurs in adolescence and affects an estimated 80–90% of youngsters in the Western world. Some rural societies report subjugate rates of acne than industrialized ones. Children and adults may with be affected back and after puberty. Although acne becomes less common in adulthood, it persists in approximately half of affected people into their twenties and thirties, and a smaller organization continues to have difficulties in their forties.