Alain Badiou (; French: [alɛ̃ badju] (listen) (help·info); born 17 January 1937) is a French philosopher, formerly chair of Philosophy at the École normale supérieure (ENS) and founder of the faculty of Philosophy of the Université de Paris VIII with Gilles Deleuze, Michel Foucault and Jean-François Lyotard. Badiou has written about the concepts of being, truth, event and the subject in a way that, he claims, is neither postmodern nor simply a repetition of modernity. Badiou has been involved in a number of political organisations, and regularly comments on political events. Badiou argues for a return of communism as a political force.
Alain Badiou (; French: [alɛ̃ badju] (listen) (help·info); born 17 January 1937) is a French philosopher, formerly chair of Philosophy at the École normale supérieure (ENS) and founder of the talent of Philosophy of the Université de Paris VIII gone Gilles Deleuze, Michel Foucault and Jean-François Lyotard. Badiou has written not quite the concepts of being, truth, event and the subject in a way that, he claims, is neither postmodern nor helpfully a repetition of modernity. Badiou has been full of zip in a number of political organisations, and regularly comments on political events. Badiou argues for a compensation of communism as a embassy force.
Badiou is the son of the mathematician Raymond Badiou (1905–1996), who was a practicing member of the Resistance in France during World War II. Alain Badiou was a student at the Lycée Louis-Le-Grand and then the École Normale Supérieure (1955–1960). In 1960, he wrote his diplôme d’études supérieures(roughly equivalent to an MA thesis) on Spinoza for Georges Canguilhem (the topic was “Demonstrative Structures in the First Two Books of Spinoza’s Ethics”, “Structures démonstratives dans les deux premiers livres de l’Éthique de Spinoza”). He taught at the lycée in Reims from 1963 where he became a close friend of fellow playwright (and philosopher) François Regnault, and published a couple of novels before upsetting first to the faculty of letters of the University of Reims (the collège littéraire universitaire) and next to the University of Paris VIII (Vincennes-Saint Denis) in 1969. Badiou was politically active definitely early on, and was one of the founding members of the Unified Socialist Party (PSU). The PSU was particularly supple in the torment yourself for the decolonization of Algeria. He wrote his first novel, Almagestes, in 1964. In 1967 he united a study action organized by Louis Althusser, became increasingly influenced by Jacques Lacan and became a fanatic of the editorial board of Cahiers pour l’Analyse. By subsequently he “already had a unquestionable grounding in mathematics and logic (along in imitation of Lacanian theory)”, and his own two contributions to the pages of Cahiers “anticipate many of the distinctive concerns of his future philosophy”.
The student uprisings of May 1968 reinforced Badiou’s duty to the in the distance Left, and he participated in increasingly futuristic groups, such as the Union des communistes de France marxiste-léniniste (UCFml). To quote Badiou himself, the UCFml is “the Maoist organization usual in late 1969 by Natacha Michel, Sylvain Lazarus, myself and a fair number of teenager people”. During this time, Badiou allied the facility of the newly founded University of Paris VIII/Vincennes-Saint Denis which was a bastion of counter-cultural thought. There he engaged in fierce intellectual debates subsequently fellow professors Gilles Deleuze and Jean-François Lyotard, whose philosophical works he considered unhealthy deviations from the Althusserian program of a scientific Marxism.
In the 1980s, as both Althusserian structural Marxism and Lacanian study went into decline (after Lacan died and Althusser was in action to a psychiatric hospital), Badiou published more profound and abstract philosophical works, such as Théorie du sujet (1982), and his magnum opus, Being and Event (1988). Nonetheless, Badiou has never renounced Althusser or Lacan, and favorable references to Marxism and breakdown are not unusual in his more recent works (most notably Petit panthéon portatif / Pocket Pantheon).
He took happening his current face at the ENS in 1999. He is also joined with a number of other institutions, such as the Collège International de Philosophie. He was a supporter of “L’Organisation Politique” which, as mentioned above, he founded in 1985 gone some comrades from the Maoist UCFml. This executive disbanded in 2007, according to the French Wikipedia article (linked to in the previous sentence). In 2002, he was a co-founder of the Centre International d’Etude de la Philosophie Française Contemporaine, alongside Yves Duroux and his former student Quentin Meillassoux. Badiou has along with enjoyed achievement as a dramatist past plays such as Ahmed le Subtil.
In the last decade, an increasing number of Badiou’s works have been translated into English, such as Ethics, Deleuze, Manifesto for Philosophy, Metapolitics, and Being and Event. Short pieces by Badiou have likewise appeared in American and English periodicals, such as Lacanian Ink, New Left Review, Radical Philosophy, Cosmos and History and Parrhesia. Unusually for a contemporary European philosopher his discharge duty is increasingly inborn taken in the works by militants in countries taking into consideration India, the Democratic Republic of Congo and South Africa.
In 2014–15, Badiou had the role of Honorary President at The Global Center for Advanced Studies.