Alexander Berkman (November 21, 1870 – June 28, 1936) was a Russian-American anarchist and author. He was a leading member of the anarchist movement in the early 20th century, famous for both his political activism and his writing.
Alexander Berkman (November 21, 1870 – June 28, 1936) was a Russian-American anarchist and author. He was a leading member of the anarchist action in the at the forefront 20th century, famous for both his embassy activism and his writing.
Berkman was born in Vilna in the Russian Empire (present-day Vilnius, Lithuania) and immigrated to the United States in 1888. He lived in New York City, where he became functional in the anarchist movement. He was the one-time devotee and lifelong buddy of anarchist Emma Goldman. In 1892, undertaking an war of propaganda of the deed, Berkman made an unsuccessful attempt to assassinate businessman Henry Clay Frick, for which he served 14 years in prison. His experience in prison was the basis of his first book, Prison Memoirs of an Anarchist.
After his liberty from prison, Berkman served as editor of Goldman’s anarchist journal, Mother Earth, and later time-honored his own journal, The Blast. In 1917, Berkman and Goldman were sentenced to two years in jail for conspiracy against the newly instated draft. After their release from prison, they were arrested—along taking into account hundreds of others—and deported to Russia. Initially in favor of that country’s Bolshevik revolution, Berkman and Goldman soon became disillusioned, voicing their foe to the Soviets’ use of fear after seizing faculty and their repression of fellow revolutionaries. They left the Soviet Union in late 1921, and in 1925 Berkman published a book about his experiences, The Bolshevik Myth.
While animated in France, Berkman continued his accomplish in maintain of the anarchist movement, producing the timeless exposition of anarchist principles, Now and After: The ABC of Communist Anarchism. Suffering from ill health, Berkman working suicide in 1936.