Alexander Calder (; July 22, 1898 – November 11, 1976) was an American sculptor known both for his innovative mobiles (kinetic sculptures powered by motors or air currents) that embrace chance in their aesthetic, and static “stabiles” monumental public sculptures. He didn’t limit his art to sculptures; he also created paintings, jewelry, theatre sets and costumes.
Alexander Calder (; July 22, 1898 – November 11, 1976) was an American sculptor known both for his enlightened mobiles (kinetic sculptures powered by motors or freshen currents) that embrace chance in their aesthetic, and static “stabiles” monumental public sculptures. He didn’t limit his art to sculptures; he as a consequence created paintings, jewelry, theatre sets and costumes.
Calder preferred not to analyze his work, saying, “Theories may be all very without difficulty for the artiste himself, but they shouldn’t be promote to additional people.”
Born into a relatives of artists, Calder’s produce a result first gained attention in Paris in the 1920s and was soon championed by the Museum of Modern Art in New York, resulting in a retrospective exhibition in 1943. Major retrospectives were as well as held at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum (1964) and the Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago (1974).
Calder’s feint is in many long-lasting collections, including the Whitney Museum of American Art, the Guggenheim Museum, the Museum of Modern Art, the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C., and the Centre Georges Pompidou in Paris. He produced many large public works, including .125 (at JFK Airport, 1957), Pittsburgh (Carnegie International prize winner 1958, Pittsburgh International Airport) Spirale (UNESCO in Paris, 1958), Flamingo and Universe (both in Chicago, 1974), and Mountains and Clouds (Hart Senate Office Building, Washington, D.C., 1996).
Although primarily known for his sculpture, Calder also created paintings and prints, miniatures (such as his famous Cirque Calder), theater set design, jewelry design, tapestries and rugs, and embassy posters. He was fortunate by the US Postal Service subsequent to a set of five 32-cent stamps in 1998, and established the Presidential Medal of Freedom, posthumously in 1977, after refusing to get it from Gerald Ford one year earlier in bother of the Vietnam War.
An important Calder fake is the monumental “Floating Clouds” (1952–1953) of the Aula Magna (Central University of Venezuela) of the University City of Caracas in Venezuela. This decree is a Unesco World Heritage Site. Calder’s clouds were specially intended to insert art and technology, making the arena one of the summit 5 college circles auditoriums in the world by hermetic quality.