Alexander John Ellis,(14 June 1814 – 28 October 1890) was an English mathematician, philologist and early phonetician who also influenced the field of musicology. He changed his name from his father’s name Sharpe to his mother’s maiden name, Ellis in 1825, as a condition of receiving significant financial support from a relative on his mother’s side. He is buried in Kensal Green Cemetery, London.
Alexander John Ellis,(14 June 1814 – 28 October 1890) was an English mathematician, philologist and further on phonetician who also influenced the sports ground of musicology. He untouched his pronounce from his father’s say Sharpe to his mother’s maiden name, Ellis in 1825, as a condition of receiving significant financial maintain from a relative upon his mother’s side. He is buried in Kensal Green Cemetery, London.
He was born Alexander John Sharpe in Hoxton, Middlesex to a rich family. His dad James Birch Sharpe was a notable artist and physician, who was complex appointed Esquire of Windlesham. His mom Ann Ellis was from a noble background, but it is not known how her associates made its fortune. Alexander’s brother James Birch Sharpe junior died at the Battle of Inkerman during the Crimean War. His further brother William Henry Sharpe served as soon as the Lancashire Fusiliers after heartwarming north considering his relatives to Cumberland, due to military work.
Alexander was educated at Shrewsbury School, Eton College and Trinity College, Cambridge (BA 1837). Initially trained in mathematics and the classics, he became a Famous phonetician of his grow old and wrote the article upon phonetics for the Encyclopaedia Britannica in 1887. Through his undertaking in phonetics, he with became eager in vocal arena and by extension, in musical sports ground as well as speech and song.
Ellis is noted for translating and extensively annotating Hermann von Helmholtz’s On the Sensations of Tone. The second edition of this translation, published in 1885, contains an add-on which summarises Ellis’ own work upon related matters.
In his writings on musical dome and scales, Ellis elaborates his notion and notation of cents for musical intervals. This concept became especially influential in Comparative musicology, a predecessor of ethnomusicology. Analyzing the scales (tone systems) of various European musical traditions, Ellis as well as showed that the diversity of declare systems cannot be explained by a single inborn law, as had been argued by earlier scholars.
In part V of his work On Early English Pronunciation, he applied the Dialect Test across Britain. He distinguished forty-two oscillate dialects in England and the Scottish Lowlands. This was one of the first works to apply phonetics to English speech. The be active was criticised by Joseph Wright, author of the English Dialect Dictionary, and Eugen Dieth, one of the pioneers of the Survey of English Dialects, but regained popularity in the second half of the 20th century as many dialect researchers said that their results were similar to that found in Ellis’s work. Some have argued that much of Ellis’s guidance was appropriated without ample citation by his critic Joseph Wright.
He was time-honored by George Bernard Shaw as the prototype of Professor Henry Higgins of Pygmalion (adapted as the musical My Fair Lady). He was elected in June 1864 as a Fellow of the Royal Society.
Ellis’s son Tristram James Ellis trained as an engineer, but well along became a noted painter of the Middle East.