Alexis Tsipras (Greek: Αλέξης Τσίπρας, pronounced [aˈleksis ˈt͡sipras]; born 28 July 1974) is a Greek politician serving as Leader of the Official Opposition since 2019. The leader of left-wing party Syriza since 2009, he served as Prime Minister of Greece from 2015 to 2019.
Alexis Tsipras (Greek: Αλέξης Τσίπρας, pronounced [aˈleksis ˈt͡sipras]; born 28 July 1974) is a Greek politician serving as Leader of the Official Opposition since 2019. The leader of left-wing party Syriza back 2009, he served as Prime Minister of Greece from 2015 to 2019.
Tsipras has been Leader of the Coalition of the Radical Left (Syriza), a left wing embassy party, since 2009. He was the fourth Greek Prime Minister who has governed in the midst of the 2010s government-debt crisis. Originally an outspoken critic of the austerity policies implemented during the crisis, his tenure in office was marked by an intense austerity policy, mostly in the context of the third EU bailout to Greece (2015–2018).
Tsipras was born in Athens in 1974. He allied the Communist Youth of Greece in the late 1980s and in the 1990s was politically supple in student protests next to education reform plans, becoming the movement’s spokesperson. He studied civil engineering at the National Technical University of Athens, graduating in 2000, later doing post-graduate studies in urban and regional planning. He worked as a civil engineer in the construction industry, based primarily in Athens.
From 1999 to 2003, Tsipras served as the secretary of Synaspismos Youth. He was elected as a fanatic of the Central Committee of Synaspismos in 2004 and vanguard the Political Secretariat. In the 2006 local election, he ran as Syriza’s candidate for Mayor of Athens, winning 10.5%. In 2008, he was elected as Leader of Syriza, succeeding Alekos Alavanos. He was first elected to the Hellenic Parliament representing Athens A in the 2009 election and was re-elected in May and June 2012, subsequently becoming Leader of the Opposition and appointing his own shadow cabinet.
In January 2015, Tsipras led Syriza to victory in a snap legislative election, winning 149 out of 300 seats in the Hellenic Parliament and forming a coalition like the Independent Greeks. On 20 August 2015, seven months into his term as prime minister, he lost his majority after intraparty defections; he then announced his resignation and called for a snap election to take place the taking into account month. In the September 2015 election that followed, Tsipras led Syriza to unconventional victory, winning 145 out of 300 seats and re-forming the coalition similar to the Independent Greeks. During his premiership, he oversaw negotiations vis-Ð°-vis the Greek government-debt crisis, initiated the Greek bailout referendum and responded to the European migrant crisis. In 2015, he was named by Time magazine as one of the 100 most influential people globally.
As Prime Minister of Greece, the rival parties accused Tsipras of, among extra things, having capitulated to enacting increasingly sharp austerity events to keep his country on the surface (in contrast in imitation of his pre-election promises) and of having exacerbated problems that already existed in the Greek economy, with the country having directionless about 25% of its GDP in the past the start of the crisis.