Alfred Louis Charles de Musset-Pathay (French: [al.fʁɛd də my.sɛ]; 11 December 1810 – 2 May 1857) was a French dramatist, poet, and novelist. Along with his poetry, he is known for writing the autobiographical novel La Confession d’un enfant du siècle (The Confession of a Child of the Century).
Alfred Louis Charles de Musset-Pathay (French: [al.fʁɛd də my.sɛ]; 11 December 1810 – 2 May 1857) was a French dramatist, poet, and novelist. Along afterward his poetry, he is known for writing the autobiographical novel La Confession d’un enfant du siècle (The Confession of a Child of the Century).
Musset was born in Paris. His associates was upper-class but destitute and his father worked in various key direction positions, but never gave his son any money. His mommy came from thesame circumstances, and her role as a intervention hostess – for example her drawing-room parties, luncheons and dinners held in the Musset residence – left a lasting impression upon young Alfred.
Early indications of Musset’s boyhood talents were seen by his fondness for acting impromptu mini-plays based upon episodes from out of date romance stories he had read. Years later, elder brother Paul de Musset would preserve these, and many additional details, for posterity, in a biography on his well-known younger brother.
Alfred de Musset entered the lycée Henri-IV at the age of nine, where in 1827 he won the Latin essay prize in the Concours général. With the support of Paul Foucher, Victor Hugo’s brother-in-law, he began to attend, at the age of 17, the Cénacle, the scholastic salon of Charles Nodier at the Bibliothèque de l’Arsenal. After attempts at careers in medicine (which he gave stirring owing to a distaste for dissections), law, drawing, English and piano, he became one of the first Romantic writers, with his first gathering of poems, Contes d’Espagne et d’Italie (1829, Tales of Spain and Italy). By the mature he reached the age of 20, his rising instructor fame was already in the midst of a sulphurous reputation fed by his dandy side.
He was the librarian of the French Ministry of the Interior under the July Monarchy. His politics were of a Liberal stamp and he was on good terms gone the relatives of Louis Philippe I. During this times he also involved himself in polemics during the Rhine crisis of 1840, caused by the French prime minister Adolphe Thiers, who as Minister of the Interior had been Musset’s superior. Thiers had demanded that France should own the left bank of the Rhine (described as France’s “natural boundary”), as it had under Napoleon, despite the territory’s German population. These demands were rejected by German songs and poems, including Nikolaus Becker’s Rheinlied, which contained the verse: “Sie sollen ihn nicht haben, den freien, deutschen Rhein …” (They shall not have it, the free, German Rhine). Musset answered to this bearing in mind a poem of his own: “Nous l’avons eu, votre Rhin allemand” (We’ve had it, your German Rhine).
The metaphor of his celebrated adore affair next George Sand in 1833–1835 is told from his narrowing of view in his autobiographical novel La Confession d’un Enfant du Siècle (The Confession of a Child of the Century) (1836), which was made into a 1999 film, Children of the Century, and a 2012 film, Confession of a Child of the Century, and is told from her lessening of view in her Elle et lui (1859). Musset’s Nuits (Nights) (1835–1837) traces the emotional objection of his love for Sand from forward despair to answer resignation. He is also believed to be the anonymous author of Gamiani, or Two Nights of Excess (1833), a lesbian erotic novel as well as believed to be modeled on Sand.
Outside of his relationship to Sand, he was a Famous figure in brothels and is widely trendy to be the anonymous author-client who emphasis and humiliated the author and courtesan Céleste de Chabrillan, also known as La Mogador.
Musset was dismissed from his read out as librarian by the further minister Ledru-Rollin after the revolution of 1848. He was, however, appointed librarian of the Ministry of Public Instruction in 1853.
On 24 April 1845 Musset received the Légion d’honneur at the thesame time as Balzac, and was elected to the Académie française in 1852 after two futile attempts in 1848 and 1850.
Alfred de Musset died in his sleep in Paris in 1857. The cause was heart failure, the fascination of alcoholism and a longstanding aortic insufficiency. One symptom that had been noticed by his brother was a bobbing of the head correspondingly of the amplification of the pulse; this was well along called de Musset’s sign. He was buried in Père Lachaise Cemetery in Paris.