Alphonse Marie Louis de Prat de Lamartine, Knight of Pratz (French: [alfɔ̃s maʁi lwi dəpʁa də lamaʁtin]; 21 October 1790 – 28 February 1869) was a French author, poet, and statesman who was instrumental in the foundation of the Second Republic and the continuation of the Tricolore as the flag of France.
Alphonse Marie Louis de Prat de Lamartine, Knight of Pratz (French: [alfɔ̃s maʁi lwi dəpʁa də lamaʁtin]; 21 October 1790 – 28 February 1869) was a French author, poet, and statesman who was instrumental in the launch of the Second Republic and the continuation of the Tricolore as the flag of France.
Lamartine was born in Mâcon, Burgundy, on 21 October 1790. His associates were members of the French provincial nobility, and he spent his teenage years at the relatives estate. Lamartine is well-known for his partly autobiographical poem, “Le lac” (“The Lake”), which describes in retrospect the fervent love shared by a couple from the tapering off of view of the bereaved man. Lamartine was masterly in his use of French poetic forms. Raised a devout Catholic, Lamartine became a pantheist, writing Jocelyn and La Chute d’un ange. He wrote Histoire des Girondins in 1847 in praise of the Girondists.
Lamartine made his admission into the showground of poetry once a masterpiece, Les Méditations Poétiques (1820), and awoke to find himself famous. One of the notable poems in this store was Le Lac, which was dedicated to Julie Charles, the wife of a commended physician. He was made a Chevalier of the Legion of Honour in 1825. He worked for the French embassy in Italy from 1825 to 1828. In 1829, he was elected a believer of the Académie française. He was elected a deputy in 1833. In 1835 he published the “Voyage en Orient”, a brilliant and bold account of the journey he had just made, in royal luxury, to the countries of the Orient, and along with which he had purposeless his abandoned daughter. From then on he confined himself to prose.
Lamartine, who was a former monarchist, came to hug democratic ideals and opposed militaristic nationalism. Around 1830, Lamartine’s opinions shifted in the dealing out of liberalism. When elected in 1833 to the National Assembly, he quickly founded his own “Social Party” with some disturb from Saint-Simonian ideas and time-honored himself as a prominent critic of the July Monarchy, becoming more and more of a republican in the monarchy’s last years.
He was briefly in deed of the government during the turbulence of 1848. He was Minister of Foreign Affairs from 24 February 1848 to 11 May 1848. Due to his good age, Jacques-Charles Dupont de l’Eure, Chairman of the Provisional Government, effectively delegated many of his duties to Lamartine. He was next a devotee of the Executive Commission, the diplomatic body which served as France’s joint Head of State.
Lamartine was instrumental in the founding of the Second Republic of France, having met following Republican Deputies and journalists in the Hôtel de Ville to agree on the makeup of its provisional government. Lamartine himself was chosen to adjudicate the Republic in expected form in the balcony of the Hôtel de Ville, and ensured the continuation of the Tricouleur as the flag of the nation. He tried to be elected president but was defeated by Louis Napoléon Bonaparte in 1848.
On 25 February 1848 Lamartine said approximately the Tricolored Flag: “I spoke as a citizen earlier, well! Now listen to me, your Foreign Minister. If I surgically remove the tricolor, know it, you will separate half the external force of France! Because Europe knows the flag of his defeats and of our victories in the flag of the Republic and of the Empire. By seeing the red flag, they’ll look the flag of a party! This is the flag of France, it is the flag of our victorious armies, it is the flag of our triumphs that must be addressed past Europe. France and the tricolor is the same thought, the similar prestige, even terror, if necessary, for our enemies! Consider how much blood you would have to make for substitute flag fame! Citizens, for me, the red flag, I am not adopting it, and I’ll tell you why I’m adjoining with all the strength of my patriotism. It’s that the tricolor has toured the world once the Republic and the Empire as soon as your freedoms and your glory, and the red flag was that with citation to the Champ-de-Mars, dragged into the people’s blood.”
During his term as a politician in the Second Republic, he led efforts that culminated in the abolition of slavery and the death penalty, as without difficulty as the enshrinement of the right to deed and the short-lived national workshop programs. A political dreamer who supported democracy and pacifism, his sober stance on most issues caused many of his buddies to desert him. He was an futile candidate in the presidential election of 10 December 1848, receiving fewer than 19,000 votes. He when retired from politics and dedicated himself to literature.
He published volumes upon the most varied subjects (history, criticism, personal confidences, literary conversations) especially during the Empire, when, having retired to private liveliness and having become the prey of his creditors, he condemned himself to what he calls “literary hard-labor to exist and pay his debts”. Lamartine curtains his life in poverty, publishing monthly installments of the Cours familier de littérature to withhold himself. He died in Paris in 1869.
Nobel prize winner Frédéric Mistral’s fame was in allowance due to the compliment of Alphonse de Lamartine in the fortieth edition of his periodical Cours familier de littérature, following the proclamation of Mistral’s long poem Mirèio. Mistral is the most revered writer in forward looking Occitan literature.
Lamartine is considered to be the first French indulgent poet (though Charles-Julien Lioult de Chênedollé was dynamic on same innovations at the same time), and was expected by Paul Verlaine and the Symbolists as an important influence. Leo Tolstoy along with admired Lamartine, who was the subject of some discourses in his notebooks.