Alva Myrdal ( MUR-dahl, MEER–, Swedish: [ˈǎlːva ˈmy̌ːɖɑːl]; née Reimer; 31 January 1902 – 1 February 1986) was a Swedish sociologist, diplomat and politician. She was a prominent leader of the disarmament movement. She, along with Alfonso García Robles, received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1982. She married Gunnar Myrdal in 1924.
Alva Myrdal ( MUR-dahl, MEER–, Swedish: [ˈǎlːva ˈmy̌ːɖɑːl]; née Reimer; 31 January 1902 – 1 February 1986) was a Swedish sociologist, diplomat and politician. She was a prominent leader of the disarmament movement. She, along subsequently Alfonso García Robles, received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1982. She married Gunnar Myrdal in 1924.
Alva Myrdal was born in Uppsala and grew going on as the first child of a modest family, the daughter of Albert Reimer (1876–1943) and Lowa Jonsson (1877–1943). She had four siblings: Ruth (1904–1980), Folke (1906–1977), May (1909–1941) and Stig (1912–1977). Her daddy was a socialist and avant-garde liberal. During her childhood the intimates moved approximately to different places. For example, they were residents of Eskilstuna, Fairfield and Stockholm. Her academic studies operational psychology and relatives sociology. She earned a Bachelor of Science degree in Stockholm in 1924.
In 1929, Myrdal and her husband Gunnar Myrdal had the opportunity to travel to the US as Rockefeller Fellows. Myrdal other deepened her studies in the fields of psychology, education and sociology whilst in the US. She had the special unintended to broaden her knowledge of children’s education. Myrdal’s observation of the good social and economic disparities in the United States after that led to an increased diplomatic commitment – “radical” was the term that she and her husband came to use to describe their shared diplomatic outlook They next moved to Geneva for extra studies, where they started to appropriately study the population decrease that anxious many Europeans during the interwar period.
Myrdal first came to public attention in the 1930s, and was one of the main driving forces in the creation of the Swedish welfare state. She coauthored the book Crisis in the Population Question (Swedish: Kris i befolkningsfrågan with Gunnar Myrdal in 1934). The basic premise of Crisis in the Population Question is to locate what social reforms are needed to permit for individual liberty (especially for women) while along with promoting child-bearing, and encouraging Swedes to have children. The wedding album also detailed the importance of shared liability for children’s education both amid the parents as with ease as the community by trained child educators.
Myrdal was highly essential of developments in the operation of preschools for children in Sweden. Consequently, she published the book Urban Children (1935), where she presented her ideas for a newly reformed Swedish preschool system. She argued that contemporary child care was flawed. The system was polarized with two extremes – measures of ‘poor relief’ for the less successful contrasted with those dealings which prepared children from wealthier families for private schools. She nervous that there were material obstacles in the pretension of being competent to access a great education. Therefore, social and economic reforms were needed. Myrdal wanted to append and mingle the two extremes.
A year later, she was competent to put her theory into practice, as she became director of the National Educational Seminar, which she cofounded in 1936. She personally worked there as a scholarly and pedagogue by training preschool teachers. Myrdal emphasized the dearth of recent literary research in regards to preschool scholarly training. Her teaching tried to integrate the new discoveries in child psychology in education. Social studies were after that emphasized, as was women’s personal development.
With architect Sven Markelius, Myrdal expected Stockholm’s cooperative Collective House in 1937, with an eye towards developing more domestic release for women.
In 1938, Alva and Gunnar Myrdal moved to the United States. While in the US, Myrdal published the book Nation and Family (1941) concerning the Swedish associates unit and population policy. During World War II, she as well as periodically lived in Sweden.
A long-time prominent devotee of the Swedish Social Democratic Party, in the late 1940s she became vigorous in international issues past the United Nations, appointed to head its section upon welfare policy in 1949. From 1950 to 1955 she was chairman of UNESCO’s social science section—the first woman to support such prominent positions in the UN. In 1955–1956, she served as a Swedish envoy to New Delhi, India, Yangon, Myanmar and Colombo, Sri Lanka.
In 1962, Myrdal was elected to the Riksdag, and in 1962 she was sent as the Swedish delegate to the UN disarmament conference in Geneva, a role she kept until 1973. During the negotiations in Geneva, she played an unquestionably active role, emerging as the leader of the work of nonaligned nations which endeavored to bring pressure to bear on the two superpowers (US and USSR, respectively) to do its stuff greater business for genuine disarmament measures. Her experiences from the years spent in Geneva found an outlet in her book “The game of disarmament”, in which she expresses her disappointment at the reluctance of the US and the USSR to disarm.
Myrdal participated in the inauguration of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, becoming the first Chairman of the governing board in 1966. In 1967 she was along with named consultative Cabinet minister for disarmament, an office she held until 1973. Myrdal with wrote the respected book The Game of Disarmament, originally published in 1976. A vocal aficionado of disarmament, Myrdal normal the Nobel Peace Prize in 1982 together later than Alfonso García Robles. In 1983 Myrdal effectively the end the fuming controversy higher than the vanguard of Adolf Fredrik’s Music School, “The AF-fight” (Swedish: AF-striden).
Myrdal promoted reforms in child care and sophisticated became a government commission upon women’s action and chair of the Federation of Business and Professional Women.