Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger (; German: [ˈaʁnɔlt ˈʃvaʁtsn̩ˌʔɛɡɐ]; born July 30, 1947) is an Austrian-American actor, producer, businessman, retired bodybuilder, and former politician who served as the 38th governor of California from 2003 to 2011. As of 2021, he is the most recent Republican governor of California.
Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger (; German: [ˈaʁnɔlt ˈʃvaʁtsn̩ˌʔɛɡɐ]; born July 30, 1947) is an Austrian-American actor, producer, businessman, retired bodybuilder, and former politician who served as the 38th officer of California from 2003 to 2011. As of 2021, he is the most recent Republican supervisor of California.
Schwarzenegger began lifting weights at the age of 15 and went upon to win the Mr. Universe title at age 20, subsequently winning the Mr. Olympia contest seven times; he remains a prominent figure in bodybuilding, and has written many books and articles upon it. The Arnold Sports Festival, considered the second-most important bodybuilding issue after Mr. Olympia, is named after him.
After retiring from bodybuilding, Schwarzenegger gained worldwide fame as a Hollywood ham it up film star. Having previously appeared in the bodybuilding documentary Pumping Iron (1977), his breakthrough film was the sword-and-sorcery epic Conan the Barbarian (1982), a box-office hit that resulted in a sequel in 1984. He next appeared as the title vibes in the critically and commercially wealthy sci-fi film The Terminator (1984), and taking into account played similar characters in the sequels Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991), Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines (2003), Terminator Genisys (2015), and Terminator: Dark Fate (2019). He as well as starred in other rich action films such as Commando (1985), The Running Man (1987), Predator (1987), Total Recall (1990), and True Lies (1994), in accessory to comedy films such as Twins (1988), Kindergarten Cop (1990), Junior (1994), and Jingle All the Way (1996), and one polluted action/thriller-based comedy, Red Heat (1988). He is the founder of the film production company Oak Productions.
As a Republican candidate, Schwarzenegger was first elected on October 7, 2003, in a special recall election to replace then-Governor Gray Davis. He established 48.6% of the vote, 17 points ahead of Democrat runner-up Cruz Bustamante. He was sworn in on November 17 to encourage the remainder of Davis’ term, and was re-elected in the 2006 California gubernatorial election in the same way as an increased vote portion of 55.9% to give assistance to a full term as governor. In 2011, he reached his term limit as Governor and returned to his career in acting.
Schwarzenegger was nicknamed the “Austrian Oak” in his bodybuilding days, “Arnie” or “Schwarzy” during his acting career, and “The Governator” (a portmanteau of “Governor” and “Terminator”) during his political career. He married Maria Shriver, a niece of President John F. Kennedy, in 1986. They estranged in 2011 after he admitted to having fathered a child afterward their housemaid in 1997, and their divorce was finalized in 2017.