Barry Morris Goldwater (January 2, 1909 – May 29, 1998) was an American politician, statesman, businessman, United States Air Force officer, and author who was a five-term Senator from Arizona (1953–1965, 1969–1987) and the Republican Party nominee for president of the United States in 1964. Goldwater is the politician most often credited with having sparked the resurgence of the American conservative political movement in the 1960s. Despite his loss of the 1964 presidential election in a landslide, many political pundits and historians believe he laid the foundation for the conservative revolution to follow, as the grassroots organization and conservative takeover of the Republican party began a long-term realignment in American politics helped to bring about the “Reagan Revolution” of the 1980s. He also had a substantial impact on the libertarian movement.
Barry Morris Goldwater (January 2, 1909 – May 29, 1998) was an American politician, statesman, businessman, United States Air Force officer, and author who was a five-term Senator from Arizona (1953–1965, 1969–1987) and the Republican Party nominee for president of the United States in 1964. Goldwater is the politician most often ascribed with having sparked the resurgence of the American conservative political endeavor in the 1960s. Despite his loss of the 1964 presidential election in a landslide, many embassy pundits and historians allow he laid the start for the conservative disorder to follow, as the grassroots processing and conservative occupation of the Republican party began a long-term realignment in American politics helped to bring virtually the “Reagan Revolution” of the 1980s. He furthermore had a substantial impact upon the libertarian movement.
Goldwater was born in Phoenix in what was then the Arizona Territory, where he helped direct his family’s department store. Upon the U.S. entry into World War II, Goldwater time-honored a unfriendliness commission in the United States Army Air Force. He trained as a pilot and was assigned to the Ferry Command, a newly formed unit that flew jet and supplies to accomplishment zones worldwide. After the war, Goldwater was elected to the Phoenix City Council in 1949 and won election to the U.S. Senate in 1952.
In the Senate, Goldwater rejected the legacy of the New Deal and, along subsequently the conservative coalition, fought adjacent to the New Deal coalition. Goldwater then had a reputation as a “maverick” for his inspiring his party’s teetotal to enlightened wing on policy issues. A devotee of the NAACP and active fanatic of desegregation in Phoenix, Goldwater voted in accord of the Civil Rights Act of 1957 and the 24th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, but reluctantly opposed the Civil Rights Act of 1964, believing one of its provisions to be unconstitutional and a potential overreach of the federal government—a decision that considerably anguished him. In 1964, Goldwater mobilized a large conservative constituency to win the hard-fought Republican presidential primaries. Although raised as an Episcopalian, Goldwater was the first candidate of Jewish descent (through his father) to be nominated for president by a major American party. Goldwater’s platform ultimately failed to get the withhold of the electorate and he floating the 1964 presidential election to incumbent Democrat Lyndon B. Johnson by one of the largest margins in history. Goldwater returned to the Senate in 1969 and specialized in explanation and foreign policy. As an elder statesman of the party, Goldwater, who was recognized by his colleagues for his praise and dedication to principle, successfully urged President Richard Nixon to resign in 1974 later evidence of a cover-up in the Watergate repugnance became overwhelming and impeachment was imminent.
Goldwater narrowly won re-election in 1980 for what would be his unchangeable and most influential term in the senate. In 1986, Goldwater oversaw alleyway of the Goldwater–Nichols Act, arguably his most significant legislative achievement, which strengthened civilian authority in the Department of Defense. The behind year, he retired from the Senate and was succeeded by Congressman John McCain, who praised his predecessor as the man who “transformed the Republican Party from an Eastern elitist supervision to the breeding ground for the election of Ronald Reagan”. Goldwater strongly supported the 1980 presidential shake up of Reagan, who had become the standard-bearer of the conservative movement after his “A Time for Choosing” speech. Reagan reflected many of the principles of Goldwater’s earlier direct in his campaign. The Washington Post columnist George Will took note of this, writing: “We … who voted for him in 1964 resign yourself to he won, it just took 16 years to complement the votes”.
Goldwater’s views on social and cultural issues grew increasingly libertarian as he neared the end of his career. After desertion the Senate, Goldwater’s views upon social issues cemented as libertarian. He criticized the “moneymaking ventures by fellows like Pat Robertson and others [in the Republican Party] who are irritating to … make a religious meting out out of it.” He supported homosexuals serving openly in the military, environmental protection, abortion rights, and the legalization of medicinal marijuana.