Daniel Webster (January 18, 1782 – October 24, 1852) was an American lawyer and statesman who represented New Hampshire and Massachusetts in the U.S. Congress and served as the U.S. Secretary of State under Presidents William Henry Harrison, John Tyler, and Millard Fillmore. As one of the most prominent American lawyers of the 19th century, he argued over 200 cases before the U.S. Supreme Court between 1814 and his death in 1852. During his life, he was a member of the Federalist Party, the National Republican Party, and the Whig Party.
Daniel Webster (January 18, 1782 – October 24, 1852) was an American lawyer and statesman who represented New Hampshire and Massachusetts in the U.S. Congress and served as the U.S. Secretary of State below Presidents William Henry Harrison, John Tyler, and Millard Fillmore. As one of the most prominent American lawyers of the 19th century, he argued higher than 200 cases back the U.S. Supreme Court in the middle of 1814 and his death in 1852. During his life, he was a aficionada of the Federalist Party, the National Republican Party, and the Whig Party.
Born in New Hampshire in 1782, Webster standard a well-off legal practice in Portsmouth, New Hampshire after undergoing a legal apprenticeship. He emerged as a prominent opponent of the War of 1812 and won election to the United States House of Representatives, where he served as a leader of the Federalist Party. Webster left office after two terms and relocated to Boston, Massachusetts. He became a leading attorney previously the Supreme Court of the United States, winning cases such as Dartmouth College v. Woodward, McCulloch v. Maryland, and Gibbons v. Ogden. Webster returned to the House in 1823 and became a key aficionada of President John Quincy Adams. He won election to the United States Senate in 1827 and worked when Henry Clay to build the National Republican Party in maintain of Adams.
After Andrew Jackson defeated Adams in the 1828 presidential election, Webster became a leading opposition of Jackson’s domestic policies. He strongly objected to the theory of nullification espoused by John C. Calhoun, and his Second Reply to Hayne speech is widely regarded as one of the greatest speeches ever delivered in Congress. Webster supported Jackson’s defiant reply to the Nullification Crisis, but broke later than the president due to disagreements exceeding the Second Bank of the United States. Webster allied with extra Jackson opponents in forming the Whig Party, and unsuccessfully ran in the 1836 presidential election. He supported Harrison in the 1840 presidential election and was appointed secretary of let in after Harrison took office. Unlike the further members of Harrison’s Cabinet, he continued to serve under President Tyler after Tyler broke once congressional Whigs. As secretary of state, Webster negotiated the Webster–Ashburton Treaty, which settled be next-door to disputes afterward Britain. In 1837, Webster was elected as a advocate to the American Philosophical Society.
Webster returned to the Senate in 1845 and resumed his status as a leading congressional Whig. During the Mexican–American War, he emerged as a leader of the “Cotton Whigs,” a faction of Northern Whigs that emphasized great relations next the South higher than anti-slavery policies. In 1850, President Fillmore appointed Webster as secretary of state, and Webster contributed to the passageway of the Compromise of 1850, which contracted several territorial issues and enacted a extra fugitive slave law. The Compromise proved unpopular in much of the North and undermined Webster’s standing in his house state. Webster sought the Whig nomination in the 1852 presidential election, but a split with supporters of Fillmore and Webster led to the nomination of General Winfield Scott. Webster is widely regarded as an important and capable attorney, orator, and politician, but historians and observers have offered unclean opinions on his moral qualities and ability as a national leader.