Oscar Fingal O’Flahertie Wills Wilde (16 October 1854 – 30 November 1900) was an Irish poet and playwright. After writing in different forms throughout the 1880s, he became one of the most popular playwrights in London in the early 1890s. He is best remembered for his epigrams and plays, his novel The Picture of Dorian Gray, and the circumstances of his criminal conviction for gross indecency for consensual homosexual acts in “one of the first celebrity trials”, imprisonment, and early death from meningitis at age 46.
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Oscar Fingal O’Flahertie Wills Wilde (16 October 1854 – 30 November 1900) was an Irish poet and playwright. After writing in alternative forms throughout the 1880s, he became one of the most popular playwrights in London in the before 1890s. He is best remembered for his epigrams and plays, his novel The Picture of Dorian Gray, and the circumstances of his criminal conviction for gross indecency for consensual homosexual acts in “one of the first celebrity trials”, imprisonment, and early death from meningitis at age 46.
Wilde’s parents were Anglo-Irish intellectuals in Dublin. A youngster Wilde school to talk fluent French and German. At university, Wilde right to use Greats; he demonstrated himself to be an exceptional classicist, first at Trinity College Dublin, then at Oxford. He became joined with the emerging philosophy of aestheticism, led by two of his tutors, Walter Pater and John Ruskin. After university, Wilde moved to London into trendy cultural and social circles.
As a spokesman for aestheticism, he tried his hand at various assistant professor activities: he published a autograph album of poems, lectured in the United States and Canada upon the new “English Renaissance in Art” and interior decoration, and subsequently returned to London where he worked prolifically as a journalist. Known for his angry wit, flamboyant dress and glittering conversational skill, Wilde became one of the best-known personalities of his day. At the point of the 1890s, he refined his ideas more or less the supremacy of art in a series of dialogues and essays, and incorporated themes of decadence, duplicity, and beauty into what would be his lonely novel, The Picture of Dorian Gray (1890). The opportunity to construct aesthetic details precisely, and attach them following larger social themes, drew Wilde to write drama. He wrote Salome (1891) in French though in Paris but it was refused a licence for England due to an perfect prohibition upon the portrayal of Biblical subjects on the English stage. Unperturbed, Wilde produced four group comedies in the in advance 1890s, which made him one of the most flourishing playwrights of late-Victorian London.
At the top of his fame and success, while The Importance of Being Earnest (1895) was nevertheless being performed in London, Wilde prosecuted the Marquess of Queensberry for criminal libel. The Marquess was the father of Wilde’s lover, Lord Alfred Douglas. The libel procedures unearthed evidence that caused Wilde to Fall his charges and led to his own arrest and procedures for terrifying indecency bearing in mind men. After two more trials he was convicted and sentenced to two years’ hard labour, the maximum penalty, and was jailed from 1895 to 1897. During his last year in prison, he wrote De Profundis (published posthumously in 1905), a long letter which discusses his spiritual journey through his trials, forming a dark counterpoint to his earlier philosophy of pleasure. On his release, he left hastily for France, and never returned to Ireland or Britain. There he wrote his last work, The Ballad of Reading Gaol (1898), a long poem commemorating the rude rhythms of prison life.
Oscar Wilde's Quotes
All quotes from Oscar Wilde sorted alphabetically:
All art is at once surface and symbol. Those who go beneath the surface do so at their peril. Those who read the symbol do so at their peril. It is the spectator, and not life, that art really mirrors. Diversity of opinion about a work of art shows that the work is new, complex and vital.
If a work of art is rich and vital and complete, those who have artistic instincts will see its beauty, and those to whom ethics appeal more strongly than aesthetics will see its moral lesson. It will fill the cowardly with terror, and the unclean will see in it their own shame.
In designing the scenery and costumes for any of Shakespeare's plays, the first thing the artist has to settle is the best date for the drama. This should be determined by the general spirit of the play more than by any actual historical references which may occur in it.
In England, an inventor is regarded almost as a crazy man, and in too many instances, invention ends in disappointment and poverty. In America, an inventor is honoured, help is forthcoming, and the exercise of ingenuity, the application of science to the work of man, is there the shortest road to wealth.
There should be a law that no ordinary newspaper should be allowed to write about art. The harm they do by their foolish and random writing it would be impossible to overestimate - not to the artist, but to the public, blinding them to all but harming the artist not at all.