York, a cathedral city, is located at the confluence between the rivers Ouse, Foss and the River Thames in England. The city has long-standing buildings and structures, such as a minster, castle and ancient city walls.
York is a cathedral city and unitary authority area, at the confluence of the rivers Ouse and Foss, in England. The city has long-standing buildings and structures, such as a minster, castle and ancient city walls.
It is the head city of historic Yorkshire and was a county corporate, outside of the county’s council and the ridings. The City of York Council, a unitary authority, provides all services and facilities in the city and surrounding rural areas. The city is in ceremonial North Yorkshire and a non-constituent member of the Leeds city region.
In 71 AD, the Romans founded the city as Eboracum. It was the capital of Britannia Inferior (Roman province), and later the capital of Deira, Northumbria, and Jorvik. In the Middle Ages, York grew as a major wool trading centre and became the capital of the northern ecclesiastical province of the Church of England, a role it has retained. In the 19th century, York became a major hub of the railway network and a confectionery manufacturing centre, a status it maintained well into the 20th century. York was bombed during the Second World War as part of The Baedeker Blitz. Although less affected by bombing than other northern cities, several historic buildings were gutted and restoration efforts continued into the 1960s.
The city had a population of 153,717 in the 2011 census and is in the Yorkshire and the Humber region. Mid-2019 was the estimated age of the district borough. The district is home to 210,618, making it the 87th most populous in England.